The combined S velocity achieved from tricuspid annulus and pulmonary annulus with tissue Doppler imaging could predict the proximal right coronary artery occlusion in patients with inferior myocardial infarction

Keywords: Doppler echocardiography, inferior myocardial infarction, pulsed-wave tissue Doppler, right coronary artery, right ventricular function

Abstract

Aim: To investigate if combined S velocity (CSV) calculated from tricuspid annulus and pulmonary annulus with tissue Doppler imaging in individuals with acute inferior myocardial infarction were linked to proximal RCA lesions.

Methods: The study comprised 48 patient who had been diagnosed with acute inferior myocardial infarction and had culprit lesions in the right coronary artery. The RCA occlusion in Group A was proximal to the right ventricular branch, while the RCA occlusion in Group B was distant to the RV branch. The combined S velocity was tested, as well as other echocardiographic parameters.

Results: In terms of metrics indicating right ventricular function, there were substantial disparities between the groups. A favorable association was established in the univariate correlation analysis between CSV and tissue Doppler imaging derived tricuspid annulus systolic velocity (St), pulmonary annulus motion velocity evaluated by TDI (PAMVUT), RV tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and fractional area change (FAC). CSV was identified as an independent predictor of proximal RCA occlusion in a multivariate logistic regression test. In the ROC analysis, CSV<18.3 cm/s and PAMVUT<8.6 cm/s indicated proximal RCA occlusion with 83 percent sensitivity and 71 percent specificity (AUC=0.83, p<0.001), and 85 percent sensitivity and 71 percent specificity (AUC=0.81, p<0.001), respectively.

Conclusion: CSV measurements were revealed to be an important predictor of proximal RCA occlusions in this investigation.

Published
2022-03-14
How to Cite
Acar, E., Ozgul, N., Donmez, I., Yalcin, O., Kayabasi, O., Alan, S., & Izgi, İbrahim. (2022, March 14). The combined S velocity achieved from tricuspid annulus and pulmonary annulus with tissue Doppler imaging could predict the proximal right coronary artery occlusion in patients with inferior myocardial infarction. EXPERIMENTAL BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH, 5(2), 194-203. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30714/j-ebr.2022275816